Sohag (sō'hăg) or Sawhaj (sô'häj) governorate is located at the center of Upper Egypt's. It lies south of Assuit, north of Qena, west of the Red Sea and East of the New Valley. It celebrates its national day on April 10 commemorating a victory over invading French troops led by Napoleon in Juhaina battle. Sohag city is the administrative centre of Sohag Governorate.

Sohag's total area is 6546 square kilometers of which nearly 1517.5 square kilometers are populated. The governorate's population was estimated at nearly 3.8 million with an annual growth of rate of 1.67 percent. Sohag consists of 11 administrative districts: 11 cities, 268 villages and 1217 hamlets.

Sohag is rich in natural resources particularly marble, ballast and argil. The most important crops are wheat, corn, onion, beans, cotton, and sugar cane. It is also famous for its industries such as sugar, textile, petrol, macaroni and furniture. The famous local industries ginned cotton and silk weaving It has an industrial zone in Kawthar suburb.

Like many of Upper Egypt governorates, Sohag boasts several monuments. It houses the relics of early ancient Pharaonic kings. Apart from Ebgo-Abydos, the hub of Pilgrims in ancient epochs, it also possesses a number of prestigious masterpieces of military, funereal and religious architecture. Near Baliana, there are some monuments of Abydos, the pilgrimage center in ancient Egypt including Temple of Seti I. Other religious tourist attractions are Sohag's Deir al-Abyad and Deir al-Ahmar (the White and Red Monasteries respectively).

In Akhmim town, known in ancient times as Khenti Seti, there are the Akhmim monuments which consist of major Pharaonic remains such as the of Temple Ramses II with its four statues, including two of Ramses II, one of his daughter Meret Amun and another of a woman from the Ptolemaic era. Osiris Temple has a limestone edifice built by Seti in Monshah Town, the capital of Upper Egypt in the Graeco-Roman period. The town was constructed during the reign of Ptolemy I. It was the second capital of Egypt, after Alexandria, during the Ptolmic dynasty.

In Sohag also, there are Al-Hawaweesh Tombs, which date back to the Old and Middle Kingdoms and Al-Salamoni Tombs, the wall of which show fine inscriptions combining both Egyptian and Greek arts. There is also Wadi-Bi'r el Ein, a valley with a water spring, believed to be effective in helping women conceive.

Bait Khallaf Steps comprise two major brick steps dating back to the 3rd dynasty, and believed to be a secondary tomb for King Djoser, apart from the Sakkara step pyramid.

Nag' el-Mashaikh, contains Ramses II's Temple, renovated by Minfitah (19th Dynasty) as well as stone tombs, prominent of which are those of Inhert-Mess, chief priest of Thess under King Minfitah's reign.

The coast of Sohag over the Nile is 125 km long where it is located on both banks. Inside the Nile there are two great islands, the first is Karaman island which has many investment projects, and the second is El-Zohoor island which is marked by its chalets and social sport club.

Day temperature during the winter months is around 21-27 C while the night temperature falls to 6-12 C. Summer is somewhat hot where the temperature reaches 37-39 C during the day and about 20-23 C in summer nights. Humidity varies over the year as lowest point 30% and the highest one is 56%

The country dialing code is: 20

The city dialing code is: 93                         

Hotels 2-4 stars: El Safa, El Nile, Reem, Abu Elwafa, Sara Plaza, Casa Luvi and Myrit Amoun hotels as well as El-Zohoor chalets and Elkawthar tourist village. Many sport and social clubs and restaurants are distributed in Sohag city.